Smoke Alarm Responsibility in QLD: A guide for Landlords, Renters and Property managers

Smoke alarms are critical safety devices that provide early warning in the event of a fire. They help save lives every year by giving occupants vital time to evacuate in the event of a fire.

In Queensland, Australia, specific legislation governs the installation, maintenance, and compliance of smoke alarms in residential properties. This comprehensive guide explains QLD smoke alarm legislation and responsibilities. It covers landlords, property managers, tenants, homeowners (owner-occupiers), and sellers.

Queensland Smoke Alarm Legislation

Property owners, tenants and managers in Queensland must adhere to both federal and state smoke alarm regulations.

In 2017, Queensland smoke alarm legislation underwent a crucial change A staged rollout commenced, requiring interconnected photoelectric smoke alarms to be installed in:

  • All new dwellings and substantially renovated dwellings (from January 1st, 2017)
  • All existing rental properties (from January 1st, 2022)
  • All other existing dwellings (from January 1st, 2027)

smoke alarm

Smoke Alarm Requirements

Smoke alarms in Queensland must adhere to strict requirements outlined by the legislation: Here’s a breakdown

  • Standard: Australian Standard 3786-2014
  • Type: Photoelectric (not ionization)
  • Power Source: Hardwired or powered by a non-removable 10-year battery
  • Functionality: Must operate when tested and be interconnected (all alarms activate together)
  • Installation Location:
    • Each storey of the dwelling
    • Every bedroom
    • Hallways connecting bedrooms to the rest of the dwelling (or between bedrooms if no hallway exists)
    • If no bedrooms are on a storey, the most likely escape path
  • Exclusion Zones: Smoke alarms must not contain an ionization sensor and should be installed in designated areas, avoiding specific exclusion zones, such as certain distances from corners, light fittings, air-conditioning vents, and ceiling fans.

What Landlords and Property Managers Need to Know

Property Managers

Property managers play a crucial role in ensuring smoke alarm compliance in rental properties. They must oversee the testing and cleaning of smoke alarms before each tenancy change or renewal, ensure timely replacement of expired alarms, and address any maintenance issues promptly. Partnering with professional services like ICertified’s Smoke Alarm Inspections can streamline compliance efforts and ensure the safety of tenants.


Landlords bear the responsibility of supplying and installing smoke alarms in rental properties. They must also provide tenants with manufacturer’s instructions for maintenance and ensure the inclusion of smoke alarms in the condition report at the beginning and end of each tenancy. Additionally, landlords must replace batteries, ensuring the alarms remain operational throughout the tenancy period.


Tenants are responsible for routine testing and cleaning of smoke alarms, as well as replacing flat or nearly flat batteries. They must promptly notify landlords or property managers of any issues with the alarm, apart from battery replacement. Tenants must not tamper with smoke alarms or interfere with their functionality.

Home Sellers

When selling a property, sellers must ensure compliance with smoke alarm legislation and disclose this information to buyers. Properties being sold must have compliant smoke alarms installed, meeting the standards outlined in the legislation. Failure to comply may result in adjustments to the sale price at settlement.

Owner Occupiers

Homeowners are responsible for maintaining smoke alarms in their properties, ensuring they are operational and compliant with legislation. By January 1, 2027, owner-occupiers must meet the same stringent standards as rental properties and those being sold. Regular testing and cleaning of smoke alarms are essential for the safety of occupants.


Maintaining Smoke Alarms

Maintaining smoke alarms is crucial for ensuring they function effectively in detecting smoke and alerting occupants to potential fire hazards. Here are essential steps to maintain smoke alarms:

  1. Regular Testing: Test your smoke alarms at least once a month by pressing the test button until you hear the alarm sound. This verifies that the alarm’s batteries and sensors are working correctly.
  2. Battery Replacement: Replace batteries in battery-operated smoke alarms at least once a year or as soon as the low battery warning chirps. For hardwired alarms with backup batteries, replace the backup battery every year.
  3. Cleaning: Keep smoke alarms free from dust and debris by gently vacuuming or dusting them regularly. Use a soft brush attachment on your vacuum cleaner or a soft cloth to clean the exterior of the alarm.
  4. Avoid Tampering: Avoid tampering with smoke alarms by removing batteries or disabling them. Tampering compromises the alarm’s effectiveness and puts occupants at risk.

Smoke Alarm Laws

  1. Professional Inspection: Consider scheduling professional inspections of your smoke alarms annually to ensure they meet regulatory requirements and are in optimal working condition.
  2. Replace Outdated Alarms: Replace smoke alarms that are more than ten years old or have reached the end of their lifespan, as indicated by the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  3. Interconnection Check: If your alarms are interconnected, ensure that all alarms activate together when one detects smoke. Test the interconnection regularly to confirm proper functionality.

By following these maintenance tips, you can help ensure that your smoke alarms are operational and ready to provide early warning in the event of a fire, enhancing the safety of your home or property.


Contact Us

By understanding and fulfilling their responsibilities, landlords, tenants, property managers, and homeowners contribute to creating safer living environments and reducing the risk of fire-related tragedies.

Contact us to arrange an inspector to ensure your home has a compliant and active smoke alarm.

We ensure smoke alarm compliance efficiently, responsively and professionally. And we do it better than anyone.